Virtually all studies of the neural basis of attention to date average effects across independently recorded neurons and across multiple trials. This is obviously artificial because attention has to be allocated on-the-fly, from moment-to-moment, not averaged across time. Trembly et al show that the current locus of attention can be decoded from ensembles of simultaneously recorded prefrontal cortex neurons from single trials. Decoding of these ensembles was stable over weeks. Nice.
About the Author
The Miller Lab uses experimental and theoretical approaches to study the neural basis of the high-level cognitive functions that underlie complex goal-directed behavior. ekmillerlab.mit.edu