Nice paper by Bressler and colleagues showing that top-down influences on visual cortex are mediated by beta-band oscillations.
Richter, C. G., Coppola, R., & Bressler, S. L. (2018). Top-down beta oscillatory signaling conveys behavioral context in early visual cortex. Scientific reports, 8(1), 6991.
Further reading on beta oscillations mediating top-down processing:
Buschman, T.J. and Miller, E.K. (2007) Top-down versus bottom-up control of attention in the prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices. Science. 315: 1860-1862 View PDF »
Bastos, A.M., Loonis, R., Kornblith, S., Lundqvist, M., and Miller, E.K. (2018) Laminar recordings in frontal cortex suggest distinct layers for maintenance and control of working memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. View PDF
A new addition to the proposed circuitry for top-down control.
White, M. G., Panicker, M., Mu, C., Carter, A. M., Roberts, B. M., Dharmasri, P. A., & Mathur, B. N. (2018). Anterior Cingulate Cortex Input to the Claustrum Is Required for Top-Down Action Control. Cell reports, 22(1), 84-95.
Due to a disruption of top-down attentional amplification.
Berkovitch, L., Dehaene, S., & Gaillard, R. (2017). Disruption of Conscious Access in Schizophrenia. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Woolgar et al provide a meta-analysis of experiments using multivoxel pattern analysis in FMRI. They show that cortical areas traditionally though to be visual, auditory or motor, primarily (though not exclusively) code visual, auditory, and motor information. However, the frontoparietal cortex is hypothesized to a multiple-demand network and it shows domain generality, coding multisensory and rule information.
Woolgar, Alexandra, Jade Jackson, and John Duncan. “Coding of visual, auditory, rule, and response information in the brain: 10 years of multivoxel pattern analysis.” Journal of cognitive neuroscience (2016).
Bressler and Richter review evidence that top-down processing in the cortex depends on synchronization of oscillatory rhythms between brain areas. More specifically, they hypothesize that beta band (13-30 Hz) synchrony conveys information about behavioral context (task information) to neurons in sensory cortex.