Wolf Singer marshals evidence that consciousness is due to information that is widely distributed yet bound together by synchrony into a coherent, distributed metarepresentation.
Wolf Singer report from The Vatican meeting on Neurosciences and the Human Person
An example (cited by Singer) of synchrony binding together the neural elements of a thought:
Buschman, T.J., Denovellis, E.L., Diogo, C., Bullock, D. and Miller, E.K. (2012) Synchronous oscillatory neural ensembles for rules in the prefrontal cortex. Neuron, 76: 838-846. View PDF
About the Author
The Miller Lab uses experimental and theoretical approaches to study the neural basis of the high-level cognitive functions that underlie complex goal-directed behavior. ekmillerlab.mit.edu