Zhang et al studied rule-based behavior by either having human subjects choose the rule themselves or by instructing them to the rule.  They found context-dependent and context-independent (chosen vs instructed)  rule representations in frontal and parietal cortex. This gives insight into the architecture of cognitive control.

About the Author

The Miller Lab uses experimental and theoretical approaches to study the neural basis of the high-level cognitive functions that underlie complex goal-directed behavior. ekmillerlab.mit.edu